- Daily Schedule
- School Closed
- After School Extra Help
- Evening Activities
- Lost and Found
- Dress and Appearance
- Internet Rules
- Study Hall
- Senior Early Dismissal and Late Arrival
- Student Vehicles and Parking
- Fire Evacuation
- Guidance and Counseling
- Health Services
- Food Services
- Library Media Center
- School Resource Officer
- Academics in the High School
- Graduation Requirements
- Field Trips
- Honors Level
- Course Placement and Review Policy
- Advance Placement Program
- Marking and Grades
- Summer School
- Class Rank
- Challenging Courses
- Failed Courses
- Physical Education
- Laboratory Requirements and Grading
- National Honor Society
- Student Conduct
- Assembly Behavior
- Lunch Detention
- Behavior at School-Sponsored Event
- Displays of Affection
- Athletics and Extra Curricular Activities
- School Dances
- Student Attendance and Participation in Co-Curricular Activities/Athletics
Classes begin at 7:40 a.m. A warning bell will ring at 7:38 a.m., at which time students must be on their way to their first period class.
Classes meet daily except for physical education classes, science laboratories, study halls, AIS classes, and Regents Prep which follow a four day rotation (A, B, C, D).
Upon completion of the school day at 2:15 p.m., all students are expected to leave the building unless they are remaining for after-school help from a teacher. Students are not permitted in the building after regular hours without scheduled and approved supervision.
- 7:38 – Warning Bell
- 7:40 – 8:30 – Period 1
- 8:34 – 9:15 – Period 2
- 9:19 – 10:00 – Period 3
- 10:04 – 10:45 – Period 4
- 10:45 – 11:15 – Period 5 Lunch
- 10:49 – 11:30 – Period 5
- 11:20 – 12:01 – Period 6 class (for students who have period 5 lunch)
- 11:30 – 12:01 – Period 6 Lunch
- 11:34 – 12:15 – Period 6 class (for students who have period 7 lunch)
- 12:05 – 12:46 – Period 7 class
- 12:15 – 12:46 – Period 7 Lunch
- 12:50 – 1:31 – Period 8
- 1:35 – 2:15 – Period 9
- 2:30 – 3:30 – After school activities and extra help (Monday, Tuesday and
- 3:30 – Late buses leave – Monday, Tuesday and Thursday. Students must present an official late bus pass signed by a teacher to be given to the bus driver.
Passing between Classes
Four minutes are provided for students to pass from room to room. This provides enough time for students to pass without running. Students are expected to cooperate with teachers and hall monitors who are supervising traffic in the corridors.
All passing is done within the corridor of the school with the exception that students are allowed to use the sidewalk under the canopy in front of the school. There should be no horseplay, pushing, shoving or yelling in the corridors at any time. Students should be extremely careful when opening lockers while people are passing. Students are not to sit on the floor before school, during periods, or between periods. Loitering on landings and stairs is a safety hazard and is not permitted at any time.
From 8:25 to 8:30, the morning announcements are read and the Pledge of Allegiance is said.
- All students are to remain seated, quietly, during the morning announcements.
- Students are not to be released to go to lockers, lavatories, or the telephone during this time.
- Announcements must be submitted to the main office on the day before they are to be made.
- Flag Salute Procedure – All students are to show proper respect for the flag during the Pledge of Allegiance each morning.
In order to provide a deliberate plan to insure the provision of Education Law 3205 regarding compulsory attendance in New York State schools, the Schalmont High School administration shares these common beliefs.
- Regular class attendance is one of the most important aspects of a student’s education program.
- The educational process requires a continuity of instruction and active classroom participation.
- The interaction between students and teachers in the classroom is an integral component of learning.
- There is strong correlation between consistent class attendance, parental involvement and academic success.
These beliefs support the need for daily attendance and are the basis for the compulsory attendance policy.
It is the policy of the Schalmont Board of Education to provide full-time academic instruction to all eligible students and to establish firmly defined parameters of attendance for students in grades 9 through 12 in the following manner:
Students will attend all assigned classes, including BOCES during both the regular and/or extended school day for the entire time the classes are in session. A student will be considered in attendance if that student is:
- physically present in the classroom and/or working under the direction of the classroom teacher,
- working pursuant to an approved independent study program,
- receiving homebound instruction, or
- in one class and a required curricular activity (including testing), and is physically present in the class or activity which the building principal has determined to be the assigned class or activity for that class period.
- Absences from the regular or extended school day or BOCES classes may constitute insubordination and may be the subject of discipline in accordance with the school district policy and pursuant to Section 3214 of the Education Law.
- Students who are legally absent shall be permitted to make up written assignments, quizzes, examinations and other course work missed due to absence. Such opportunity shall not extend to the lecture or other oral instruction provided by the teacher. Opportunities to make up the work shall not alter the attendance record.
- Credit for any given course is contingent upon (a) meeting the attendance requirements, and (b) obtaining a passing grade.
- Students who are absent for 20 consecutive school days may be dropped from enrollment after compliance with the procedures set forth in section 3202 (1-a) of the Education Law.
The school is allowed to consider the following as legal reasons for absence:
- Sickness or death-in-family
- Approved college visit
- Impassable roads or weather
- Religious observance
- Military obligations
- Requirement to be in court
- Approved cooperative work programs
- Attendance at health clinics
- Medical and dental appointments with a note from the doctor’s office
- Driving tests
- School music lessons
- Education trips
*All other reasons are considered to be illegal. Regardless of whether absences are legal or illegal, all absences apply to the Board of Education Policy on attendance.
Students who are absent from school may not attend after school activities on the day they are absent unless approved by the building principal. If the absence occurs on a Friday, the student may not attend school sponsored activities on that weekend, unless approved by the building principal.
TRUANCY – a student absent from school without knowledge of the parent/guardian.
UNLAWFUL DETENTION – a student absent from school for a non-legal reason with the knowledge of the parent or guardian. (This includes vacations, baby sitting, missing the bus, overslept, etc.)
Students who are illegally absent will not be allowed to attend or participate in after school activities. Students who are illegally absent or who cut a class are subject to a “zero” grade in class work due to be handed in or performed in class that day. If the illegal absence is on a Friday, the student may not attend school sponsored activities on that weekend.
When a student has been absent or late to school, the parent must provide a written note explaining the reason the day following the absence or lateness. The note is turned in to the main office on the day of the return. The parent may also call the Main Office in lieu of a note. Parents are encouraged to contact the school by phone (355-6110) if they know the student will be absent.
Vo-Tech Students: Students going to BOCES Shift I must sign in on the Vo-Tech bus at 7:35 a.m. before leaving the high school.
The coding of the attendance registers is to be completed by the designated attendance secretary. Teachers will take attendance period by period via the computer. Band Students: Students attending music lessons, should report to
their scheduled class for attendance and then go to their lesson.
A home contact will be made during the day of the absence by the attendance clerk. The building principal or designee shall investigate reasons for student absences and make parental contacts where appropriate.
Late to School: Students who are late to school (after 7:40 a.m.) must sign in at the Main Office and receive an Admit Slip.
- Students late to school 3 to 5 times in a month will be assigned lunch detention on the 3rd, 4th and 5th late.
- Students who drive to school after the 5th late in a month will lose their driving privileges for 5 days. If they are late again in the same month, it will mean an additional 5 days of no driving.
- Students late 6 to 9 times in a month will be assigned an after school detention. Students may be referred to Diagnostic Study Team for intervention strategies.
- Students late 10 or more times in one month will be assigned to ISS. Students will be referred to Diagnostic Study Team for intervention strategies.
*Students who arrive late to school cannot participate in after school activities on that day.
Students who arrive late to school due to a doctor or dentist appointment are required to provide a note from the doctor or dentist’s office. (A note written by a parent is not acceptable.)
The student will be recognized as legally late and will be able to participate in after school activities for that day.
For any student who is legally absent for a prolonged period of time, (ten consecutive school days or chronically absent), home tutoring can be arranged through the guidance counselor. Parents must communicate this need to their child’s guidance counselor. A physician’s note is required to receive home tutoring.
All fundraising activities must be approved by the principal and the Student Council. Forms to submit requests for fund raising activities may be obtained in the Main Office.
School closed due to weather
In the event of school closing, announcements will be on WGY and TV stations WRGB, WNYT and WTEN. Closings and delays are also posted on our website at Schalmont.org. and notifications are available by signing up for the SNN (school news notifier) on the school website.
PLEASE, DO NOT CALL the Principal or Assistant Principal for this information.
When schools are closed or dismissed early due to weather or emergencies ALL after school and evening activities are also cancelled.
After school extra help
Teachers are available after the regular school hours to offer extra help on Mondays, Tuesdays and Thursdays. Students should feel free to request help, with appropriate advance notice whenever the need arises. Teachers have the right to request that students stay between 2:30 and 3:30 p.m. for extra help when necessary. Students are expected to stay with the requesting teacher providing buses are available. Students must remain with a teacher for the entire time after school. In order to take the bus, the student must have a late bus pass from the teacher.
Students attending an evening activity such as a dance, concert, play, etc., must adhere to all school policies pertaining to conduct and discipline. Once a student decides to leave the activity, he/she will not be allowed to return to the building.
Lost and Found
All missing or lost items should be reported to the secretary in the main office as soon as possible. A description of the item and the circumstances under which the loss occurred will be recorded. The names of students or staff who may have knowledge of the loss should also be reported.
Dress and Appearance
Dress guidelines are based on the premise that student attire should be appropriate for the business of the school.
- Any style of appearance that presents a realistic, potential health or safety threat to others or that is disruptive to the learning process is not allowed.
- Apparel with a depiction of illegal violence against a human or animal, indecent exposure, or lewd acts is not allowed.
- Apparel with words that are libelous, encourage readers to break a law, promote violence, contain tobacco or alcohol advertisements, are vulgar, are sexually oriented or advocate prejudice is not allowed, including bandannas and gang affiliated clothing.
- Any tattoo that violates the above two conditions must be covered while the student is on school grounds.
- Apparel that is determined revealing or inappropriate, including those that expose one’s midriff or otherwise potentially expose private parts of the body (such as tube tops, crop tops, half shirts, net tops, short shorts, short skirts or dresses, rompers, see through garments, bathing suits, under-garments, pajamas, sleep or lounge wear or articles of a similar nature, certain athletic clothing, no spaghetti straps, no halter tops, no plunging necklines (front and/or back), muscle tank tops, etc.) is not allowed.
- Students must wear clothing that fully covers all undergarments.
- No bare feet.
- Hats, bandanas and coats are not to be worn in the classroom.
*Students not complying with the dress code will be asked to make clothing alterations in school or their parents will be notified so that arrangements can be made to correct the situation. Disciplinary action may be taken.
Students are responsible for good behavior on school computer networks just as they are in a classroom or a school hallway. Communications on the network are often public in nature. General school rules for behavior and communications apply.
Individual users of the district computer networks are responsible for their behavior and communications over those networks. It is presumed that users will comply with district standards; the district is not responsible for restricting, monitoring, or controlling the communications of individuals utilizing the network.
The network is provided for students to conduct research. Access to network services is given to students who agree to act in a considerate and responsible manner. Students and their parents will be required to sign an Acceptable User
Agreement each year before being allowed to use the school computers. Access is a privilege – not a right.
Access entails responsibility.
Study Hall Rules
Freshman Study Hall
Study hall should be quiet and students doing academic work. If your study hall is during periods when breakfast is served students may attend for 10 minutes with a pass from the study hall teacher. A student must have a pre-signed pass from one of their teachers in order to go to the library. If students are not doing academic work in the library, the librarian will send the students back to study hall.
Sophomore and Junior Study Hall
Study hall should be quiet and students doing academic work. If your study hall is during periods when breakfast is served students may attend for 10 minutes with a pass from the study hall teacher. A student must have a pre-signed pass from one of their teachers in order to go to the library. If students are not doing academic work in the library, the librarian will send the students back to study hall. At the end of each quarter, students who are on the High Honor Roll may sign out from their study hall to go to the cafeteria or café. Students will lose this privilege at any five week mark thereafter if they are failing one or more classes or they are no longer on the High Honor Roll.
Senior Study Hall
Study hall will be in the cafeteria or café. Students must check in with their study hall teacher before going to the café. All seniors will begin with privileges for both areas. A student must have a pre-signed pass from one of their teachers in order to go to the library. If students are not doing academic work in the library, the librarian will send the students back to study hall. However, if a student is failing one or more classes at the five week mark, they will be pulled from senior study hall and assigned to a 10th -11th study hall. Students can regain cafeteria and café privileges at the following five week mark if they are passing all academic classes.
Senior Early Dismissal and Late Arrival
Early dismissal and late arrival are an option only in the senior year. Criteria for this is as follows:
- A senior may apply for early dismissal if he/she
- is in good academic standing, and
- has parent approval.
- Seniors must have transportation arrangements in advance of application consideration, and must arrive on time or leave school promptly at the time of dismissal. Failure to leave promptly will result in removal of the Early Dismissal privilege.
- Seniors must adhere to all school rules and regulations outlined in the Student Discipline Code including good attendance and promptness to classes, etc.
- Seniors leaving early are not to return to school before dismissal.
- The high school administration may suspend or cancel early dismissal or late arrival privileges for disciplinary reasons. The student will be assigned to study halls.
- Schedules will not be adjusted to accommodate an early dismissal.
- Seniors who do not meet the above-mentioned conditions at all times may lose early dismissal or late arrival privileges.
Application Process for Late Arrival and Early Dismissal
- Senior must complete the necessary forms outlining the rules for late arrival or early dismissal. Parents must sign this form giving permission.
- The Assistant Principal will review the forms before a final approval is given.
- Senior meets with their guidance counselor to have schedule adjusted to reflect late arrival and/or early dismissal status.
Application Process for Early Dismissal
- The senior must present a parental permission letter to his/her guidance counselor.
- The senior and his/her parent must sign a written agreement on the conditions of early dismissal.
- The Assistant Principal will review the material in steps 1 and 2 before a final approval is given.
- Seniors approved for early dismissal will be given a special verification pass signed by the Guidance Counselor, indicating the student’s name and time of
dismissal. Failure to carry this card for presentation to staff upon request may result in removal of Early Dismissal privilege.
Student Vehicles and Parking
Student motor vehicle parking on campus is a privilege granted through a permit system to students in 11th and 12th grade only. Students park on campus at their own risk. The following rules will apply to those students who drive and park vehicles on school property.
- Applications for parking permits may be obtained through the Main Office. All vehicles must be registered in the Main Office prior to the first day they are driven onto school property.
- All applications must be signed by the School Resource Officer.
- The parking sticker issued must be applied to the back of the rear view mirror, so that it may be seen through the windshield.
- Non-registered vehicles may be towed at the owner’s expense.
- Student parking is located on the side of the building, in the numbered spots. Students are not allowed to park in the lot near the new gym.
- All traffic signs and regulations are to be followed.
- All students must drive safely and prudently.
- The speed limit on school property is 15 miles per hour.
- Loaded buses have the right of way.
- Students are allowed in parking lot only when arriving or leaving school.
- It is Board policy that all vehicles, which are towed away at the request of school administration, will be towed at the owner’s expense.
- Vehicles may be subject to search if there exists reasonable grounds to suspect that drugs, alcohol, weapons, stolen property, or other contraband might be present.
- The driver of the vehicle is responsible for the behavior and conduct of all passengers in the vehicle.
- Chronic lateness, use of vehicle during unapproved times and other school rule infractions will result in loss of parking privilege for between ten (10) weeks and remainder of the school year.
- If a student needs to get something from their vehicle, the student must get permission from an administrator and be escorted by a school employee to the parking lot.
Driving to Vo-Tech
Only students in 12th grade are eligible to receive permission to drive to Vo-Tech. The appropriate permission slip from Vo-Tech must be completed, signed by the Associate Principal and on file with the Attendance Clerk. Students are NOT allowed to drive any other students in their vehicle to or from Vo-Tech. If this rule is violated the driver may lose their driving privileges.
All students are issued lockers. Only school combination locks are allowed. Individual combination locks are available in the Main Office. A deposit of $5 is required. Trouble with the hall lockers should be reported to the main office. Each student is responsible for the condition of the locker and will be assessed a fine for damages incurred.
Students will be issued a gym locker the first day they have physical education. These lockers have built in combination locks. For security purposes students’ combinations and lockers are not to be shared with other students.
*All lockers belong to the school and school authorities have the right to search all school lockers when sufficient cause is present.
Care of Personal Belongings: Students should take special care in protecting their personal belongings and valuables. Money or other valuables should never be left in a desk, locker or unattended.
*The school district does not assume responsibility for a student’s personal items nor items borrowed by a student from the school. The responsibility lies totally with the student.
Students wishing to display posters any place in the building must have the permission of the Assistant Principal, indicated by his/her initials in the lower right corner. Posters are restricted to bulletin boards and the cafeteria.
Our school is required by law to have eight fire drills during the school year. The following rules are to be followed when the fire alarm sounds
- Everyone will leave the building quickly and quietly, following the teacher’s directions. Students found in the building will be subject to disciplinary action.
- Once outside, students should move well away from the building, keeping the driveways clear for use by fire apparatus and report to the teacher for an attendance check.
- Everyone should remain quiet and attentive, being alert to further instructions.
- Students must not return to the building until the building administrator has given the proper instructions.
- If a fire drill occurs during one of the lunch periods, students are to exit the cafeteria via the posted exits within the cafeteria. Evacuation Procedures: Following the fire bell evacuation, should it then become necessary to stay out of the school, students will be directed to a safe location. Once inside, students will report to designated areas according to classroom numbers. Students will then be expected to remain with their teacher who will take attendance. Under no circumstances may students leave the campus during a building evacuation.
Visitors must show a drivers’ license for identification, sign in at the front desk and receive a visitor’s pass. As a general rule, visitors are not permitted to visit the school as guests or friends of students. Students from other schools and young children will not be received as guests and are not permitted on school
property. Alumni are not allowed to visit during the school day.
Guidance and Counseling Office
Secretary, Mrs. McKeon: 355-6110, ext.3047
School Counselors: Mr. Bailey, Ms. Banner, Mr. Loiacono
School counselors provide an organized program of counseling, instruction and consultation to all students. This includes an annual review of each student’s progress, college and career guidance and planning, academic advisement and counseling services and opportunities for parental involvement.
Students are informed of the visitations of college admissions staff, armed services recruiters and prospective employers through the daily bulletin. The times and dates of the visits of these personnel are also available in the Guidance Office.
Parents and students are encouraged to attend these meetings.
Students under 18 years of age need working papers to be employed. The guidance secretary will supply the forms and information needed. If students plan to work during the summer, they should get working papers before school closes in June.
Homework Requests for Absent Students
When a student is absent for a day or two, the homework assignments may be obtained by calling friends, if possible. When a student is absent for more than a few days, it is recommended that a request for homework be made through the Guidance Office. Assignments can be picked up in the Guidance Office after 2:00 P.M. the day after the request.
Social Workers: Mr. Condemi
A social worker is available to students and parents to assist with issues, which may interfere with a student’s education. This offers strictly confidential services including referral to community agencies as desired. The social worker may be reached by contacting the Guidance Office.
School Psychologist: Ms. Shapiro, 355-6110 ext 3202
A school psychologist is available to staff and parents to assist with issues, which may interfere with a student’s education. The school psychologist may conduct educational testing as agreed to by the parents to assess a student’s learning ability. The school psychologist may be reached by contacting the Main Office.
This section is intended to advise parents, legal guardians and students of their rights with respect to the school records pursuant to the Federal FERPA (Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act of 1974). Rights under FERPA regarding access to student records:
- Student records will be maintained for use by appropriate district personnel in developing the best possible educational program for each student.
- Parents or legal guardians are entitled to inspect the student’s cumulative record.
- Access to permanent student records is available to authorized school personnel and to the student’s parents or legal guardian in consultation with school officials.
- The parent or legal guardian is afforded the opportunity, through a hearing to challenge the accuracy content of the child’s records. A student over the age of 18 is given these same rights.
Nurse – Mrs. VanEtten 355-6110, ext. 3041
The Health Office has many functions, most of which center around the health, safety, and well-being of the student body. These functions include:
- Attend to the daily medical needs of the student body.
- Run tests on student vision and hearing
- Supervise athletic and school physical exams
- Administer prescription drugs to students
- Maintain student medical records
- Attend to all accidents and emergencies
- Contact doctors and hospitals concerning students’ health problems in emergency situations.
Students who have working parents must file the parents’ work phone numbers or that of a close relative with the Health Office and Main Office each September as requested. Emergency contact cards must be completed and returned to the nurse every year.
If a student becomes ill at school, the student should report to the Health Office immediately after obtaining permission from the staff member in charge. When students arrive at the nurse’s office they must sign in the log book. This is the only proof that you were in the Health Office.
Students who are required to take medication of any kind during school hours are to report this fact to the Health Office by a note from the parent, stating specifics about the use of the medication. This requirement is prescribed by New York State Education Law and is inclusive of aspirin, vitamins and cough medications. Such medication is to be stored and administered in the Health Office under the supervision of the school nurse.
Dispensing of Medication in the School Setting
In order for the school nurse to give your child medication (prescription or over the counter) during school hours, all of the following requirements must be met:
- All medications must be in their original pharmacy containers, which are properly labeled with the following information:
- Student’s name
- Name of medication
- Prescribing doctor’s name
- Time of dose to be given
- An ORIGINAL SIGNED NOTE from the prescribing physician containing all of the information below:
- Student’s name
- Name of medication
- Dose and time to be administered
- Reason for prescribing the medication
- Adverse reactions that need to be observed and reported
- A signed note from the parent giving the school nurse permission to dispense the medication as prescribed by the doctor with the same information as the physician’s note.
- All medication must be hand delivered to the school nurse by a parent or other responsible adult. Students are not allowed to carry medications to and from school, have medications with them during the school day or in their lockers, backpacks or pocketbooks.
New students and transfer students are required by state law to produce evidence of immunization for the following diseases: measles, rubella (German or 3 day measles), polio, diphtheria and mumps. They will not be admitted to school until such evidence is produced.
All injuries to students or staff while at school must be reported to the Health Office as soon as possible after the occurrence. The school nurse will inspect the injury and take the necessary steps, including the filing of an accident report. In emergencies, Rotterdam ambulance service will be called and the parent will be notified along with the family physician, if necessary.
Food Service Director: Mrs. Heller 355-9200, ext 4020
Breakfast items may be purchased from 7:20 a.m. to 7:33 a.m. Students who have study halls may request permission from their study hall teacher to purchase breakfast items during periods 2 (8:40 – 8:55) and 3 (9:40 – 9:50).
There are three lunch periods designated as Lunch 5, Lunch 6 and Lunch 7. The lunch periods run from 10:45 a.m. to 11:16 a.m.; 11:30 a.m. to 12:01 p.m. and from 12:15 p.m. to 12:46 p.m. A student is allowed only one lunch period daily.
Each student is expected to practice the general rules of good manners. Students are expected to:
- Observe good dining room standards at the table.
- Leave the table and the surrounding area clean and orderly.
- Put trash in the proper containers.
- Do not leave the cafeteria while eating or carrying food.
- All food must be eaten in the cafeteria only.
Students are not allowed to purchase food or drink from the vending machines or cafeteria between classes.
Food or drink is not to be taken from the cafeteria.
Library Media Center
School Librarian: Mrs. O’Keeffe
Monday, Tuesday & Thursday- 7:30 a.m. to 3:30 p.m.
Wednesday and Friday – 7:30 a.m. to 2:30 p.m.
During the school day and after school, students must have a pass to use the library and are expected to remain in the library for the entire period. Passes must state the academic material that the student will be completing while in the library.
Students may stay after school in the library only if they have a pre-signed pass from a teacher, or prior permission from the librarian. Students must sign into the library in order to be counted as being in attendance.
School Resource Officer
The school resource officer (SRO) program is a nationally accepted program involving the placement of a law enforcement officer within the educational environment on several different levels.
The officer is involved in a variety of functions:
- As a visible, active law enforcement figure on campus dealing with any law related issues.
- As a classroom resource for instruction in the following areas: law related education, violence diffusion, safety programs, alcohol and drug prevention, crime prevention and other areas.·
- As a member of the faculty and administration team working hand in hand to solve problems in the school community.
- As a resource for the students, which will enable students to be associated with a law enforcement figure in the student’s community.
- As a resource to teachers, parents and the students for conferences on an individual basis, dealing with individual problems or questions.
- As a counseling resource in areas which may affect the educational environment but may be of a law related nature.
The officers are in the schools to serve as resources to students, teachers, parents, non-instructional staff, administrators and the community at large. A major part of their school day is spent walking through the halls, dropping into the cafeteria, visiting classrooms by invitation, and visiting the library, study halls and in-school suspension rooms.
Officers may also chaperone dances, concerts, assist with school club activities, and assist instructional and support staff in reviewing and improving security procedures. Officers will respond to non-student trespassers on campus, responding to a direct request for help that results in averting potential problems, assist in the drug and alcohol unit in health class and provide career advice.
Units – A student must earn 22 units* for a High School Diploma. This includes two full units for four years of Physical Education**. All students must carry at least six courses per semester, one of which must be physical education.
* A unit is defined as at least three (3) hours of instruction per week throughout the course of the school year.
** Physical Education must be taken each semester a student is enrolled.
Subject: Local Regents/Advanced Regents
- English: 4.0 / 4.0
- Social Studies: 4.0 / 4.0
- Mathematics: 3.0 / 3.0
- Science: 3.0 / 3.0
- Arts: 1.0 / 1.0
- Health: 0.5 / 0.5
- Physical Education: 2.0 / 2.0
- Second Language: 1.0 / 3.0
- Electives: 3.0 / 1.0
- Career & Financial Management: 0.5 / 0.5
- Total: 22.0 / 22.0
* Students must pass all Regents Exams with a grade of 65 or higher.
Local Diplomas are only available to students who have an approved IEP or 504 plan.
For a Regents Diploma students must pass the following Regents Exams:
- Integrated Algebra
- One Physical Setting Science Regents
- Global Studies
- U.S. History and Government
For a 4 + 1 Pathway to Regents Diploma, students must pass the following four (4) required Regents Exams:
- 1 Math
- 1 Science
- 1 Social Studies
- 1 ELA; and students must choose one (1) of the following additional examinations:
- Additional Social Studies Regents Exam; or
- Additional Science Regents Exam; or
- Additional Math Regents Exam; or
- Approved CTE, LOTE or Arts Pathway Assessment; or
- NYSED Approved Alternative Assessment.
For an Advanced Regents Diploma, students must pass the following Regents Exams:
- Integrated Algebra
- Algebra 2/Trigonometry
- Two Physical Setting Science Regents (One of which must be Living Environment)
- Global Studies
- U. S. History and Government
Individual Educational Program (I.E.P.) diplomas continue for students with severe disabilities. I.E.P. diplomas require satisfactory completion of learning program outlines in the Individual Educational Program. All I.E.P.s will be based on attainment of State learning standards appropriate to the individual student’s disability.
Graduation Ceremony Participation
Only students who have met all graduation requirements, and are eligible for a high school diploma at the June graduation exercises will be permitted to participate in the graduation program. August or January graduates are not permitted to participate in June exercises.
Regents Diploma with Academic Endorsement
A Regents Diploma will be given Academic Endorsement provided the student has successfully completed a minimum of twenty-four units including four units of math and four units of science.
Full time Student
Every student shall carry 5 units plus physical education each semester for four years. Under extenuating circumstances, the Principal may waive the five units plus physical education rule for special cases such as ninth (9th) semester students (5th year) who have not met the necessary requirements for graduation, and other special cases. Each fall, students will be placed in a grade level according to earned units. Students will not change grade levels within a school year. All students may participate in class social activities. The only exception will be restriction as a result of disciplinary action.
To provide students with enough units for graduation, each student is required to take five subjects plus physical education each year. In addition, the following requirements for grade placement have been established:
- Promotion to 9th grade: Promotion from 8th grade
- Promotion to 10th grade: 5 units, 1 of which must be English or Social Studies
- Promotion to 11th grade: 11 units, 3 of which must be in English or Social Studies
- Promotion to 12th grade: 17 units, 5 of which must be English or Social Studies
Students who wish to complete their graduation requirements in less than four years must plan their program accordingly. The request to accelerate graduation should be made early in the high school program to the guidance counselor. This request requires the Principal’s approval.
Students will be scheduled for field trips on an educational basis. It is the student’s responsibility to obtain and complete work for all courses that are missed as a result of a field trip. Appropriate conduct is expected and school policies pertaining to conduct and discipline apply while on a school sponsored field trip.
Final examinations are mandatory except for reasons beyond the student’s control such as illness or emergency, and cases determined by the Principal. Failure to take the examination except as indicated above will result in failure of the course. In this case, zero is to be recorded as the examination grade and “F” is to be recorded as the final average.
Cheating on Examinations
Students are expected to be honest in test situations. Definite cases of dishonesty on regular or final examinations will be treated as fraud. Students will receive a “zero” for cheating on examinations, and may also be referred for further disciplinary action. Section 225 of the Education Law makes fraud in an examination a misdemeanor (Regents Exam).
Disruption of Quizzes, Tests and Final Examinations
Students will remain quiet in all test situations throughout the test or examination. Violators will receive a “zero” grade on the quiz, test, or examination, which is to be entered in the teacher’s class book. Students may also be referred for further disciplinary action.
Courses are enriched beyond the curriculum subscribed by the New York State Regents syllabus. Students are recommended for the honors level by teachers and counselors from either the Middle or High School programs. Other criteria used will include student performance on standardized tests, and locally prepared exams.
Course Placement and Review Policy
Student schedules at the secondary level (grades 9-12) will be made in accordance with the District graduation requirements and State Education regulations. Students, parents and instructional staff will have an opportunity to influence initial course selection.
When a student, parent or instructional staff member believes that a course placement is inappropriate, contact should be made with the student’s guidance counselor to resolve inappropriate placement. If resolution cannot be obtained at this step, the next level would be the principal.
Changing Levels and Courses
Schedules will not be altered to accommodate teacher requests, early dismissal or late arrival. The official add/drop period is five weeks after the beginning of a full-year course and 2.5 weeks after the beginning of a half-year course. Students dropping courses after these deadlines will receive a drop/failed (DF) grade on their report card. This will carry the numerical equivalent of 50. All requests for dropping courses must be accompanied by a special schedule change form and contact from parent/guardian either by not or phone call.
Students may not drop a course that is a requirement for graduation. In all cases, students must retain five courses plus physical education as a minimum course load.
A schedule change due to academic difficulty may be considered prior to the drop period deadlines provided:
- A request from a parent or guardian is made.
- Student is carrying the required number of courses.
- Student has made a sincere effort to succeed.
- The student, parent, teacher and guidance counselor are in agreement regarding the change.
- Class balance is not disrupted by the change.
Such student may then have to add a course in its place during second semester.
Advanced Placement Program
Students enrolled in A.P. and/or SUPA courses take Advanced Placement and/or SUPA final examinations. All students enrolled in AP courses must take the AP exam in May. Scores from these examinations are sent to the colleges, which the student expects to attend. Some of these schools will allow credit toward graduation. Many schools place students in special sections or advanced courses and some give both college credit and advance standing.
Marking and Grades
The grade earned is the teacher’s measure of a student’s achievement. Numerical grades are used in grades 9 – 12. For those who are familiar with a verbal description or a letter grade, a conversion chart is included:
- 90-100: Excellent A
- 80-89: Above Average B
- 70-79: Average C
- 65-69: Poor, but passing D
- Below 65: Failing F
- Inc: Incomplete I
Grades are given quarterly. Interim reports are given to students at a mid-marking period (5 weeks). The letter “F” will be used for all ten-week report card grades 49 or below. The final test and final course grade will be the numerical grade that the “F” represents. In addition to the numerical grade, teachers may indicate up to three subjective comments on the report card for each subject, and four comments on Interim reports.
The final average in a yearly subject is obtained by counting the four quarterly grades as 20% each, the mid-term as 5% and the final exam as 15% of the grade. The final average for a half-year subject is figured by counting the two quarters as 40% each and the final exam as 20% of the grade.
Incomplete (INC.) grades will be given to students for legitimate medical absences or extenuating family circumstances occurring near the end of a marking period. Students receiving an INC. grade will have the first ten days in the following marking period to make up this work. Failure to make up the work in these ten days will result in an average based on the work completed.
Students who are absent from class or school have the responsibility of completing make-up work or tests within an allotted period of time as determined by individual teachers. The student must take the initiative in making the necessary arrangements immediately upon returning to class or school, and must understand that they may be required to stay after school to make up this work.
To be eligible for the Honor Roll, a student must have a cumulative quarter average between 88 and 100. An average of 92 or above is considered High Honor Roll. No student will be considered for the Honor Roll if they are carrying less than five subjects including physical education and/or have an incomplete (INC.) grade.
Report Cards and Interim Reports
Report cards are issued quarterly at 10-week intervals, approximately a week after the close of the marking period. Interim Reports are issued mid-quarter. Report Cards and Interim Reports will be available on line. Report cards will also be mailed home.
All students who wish to enroll in summer school must have earned a minimum final course average of 50 during the regular school year. Students who do not earn a final course average of a 50 or higher may not enroll for summer school; instead, they must retake the entire course the following fall. In addition, a summer school grade will not replace a full year course average on the official high school transcript. The average from the full-year failed course will be averaged together with the final summer school average. For example, a student who earns a 50 final average for a full-year course must earn a minimum of an 80 average or higher in summer school in order to earn course credit with a passing grade of a 65. All of the students’ grades from summer school will also be included on their official high school transcripts. Students must recognize the importance of consistent effort throughout the full academic year.
The Class Rank is a numerical rank order of students. Schalmont’s Class Rank is calculated at the end of the first semester (January) of grade 12. The student with the highest average of credits earned (courses completed) will be named
Valedictorian of the graduating class, and the student with the second highest average will be designated as Salutatorian. In our determination of class rank, there is no special weighting given to any particular course or track level. The class rank is determined as follows:
Final grades in all subjects are counted except physical education semester courses. When a course is failed and later passed, the higher grade is given for passing the course with the higher average. Dropped/Failed courses are given a value of 50.
Policy for Challenging Courses
Students may satisfy the course requirement by passing the State developed or State approved exam at a grade level approved by the Commissioner without completing a unit of course work. In addition to passing a written exam, a student must pass an oral exam, or complete a special project to demonstrate proficiency in the subject matter. Students will be eligible only if they meet certain subject specific criteria. The High School Principal will determine if a student is eligible to take advantage of this alternative. However, at least 12 units required for graduation must be met through both course work and, where appropriate, examination. Intentions to challenge courses should be made in writing to the respective Guidance Counselor one year in advance.
In courses where a Regents Exam was offered, a student may elect to take a “Walk-In” Regents Exam (approved summer school course not required). Whether taking courses at summer school or “Walk-In” Regents exams, each student will need to obtain a permission form from his/her respective guidance counselor. In all cases where courses are failed, students should check to see if they would have enough credits to enter the next grade level.
Options for Repeating Course Failures
If a student fails a course and needs to repeat the course for graduation, the following options are available:
- The student successfully completes a certified summer school program.
- The student repeats the course.
- Students may also satisfy course requirements if they meet the criteria for challenging the course.
All students will be required to wear gym clothes. A proper gym uniform for boys and girls is:
- Gym shorts, i.e., no cut-off dungarees or pants, Bermuda shorts or shorts with belts and zippers.
- “T” Shirt or sweatshirt
- Sneakers and athletic socks
Physical Education Policies
All students must pass four (4) years of physical education in order to graduate. A student must:
- Come to physical education class prepared for participation (gym shorts, T. shirt, sneakers and socks are required.)
- Maintain a legal absence record
- Excuses and absences may not exceed 25% of physical education time. If a student is absent from school he/she may make up the physical education classes missed. Make-ups can be arranged through the student’s teacher.
- A student can be excused from participation in class. Any classes missed may be made up before the end of the quarter.
- A signed excuse from the parents will be honored by the physical education teacher for only one (1) week (2-3 gym classes) without referral to the
- If an additional excuse from the parents is presented the next week or excuses are continually being brought in (pattern established), these should not be honored, but referred to the school nurse for further action.
- A doctor’s excuse is required for an excuse from physical education for a prolonged period of time (over one week). This should be referred to the
- When a doctor excuses a student from physical education class, a “Physical Activity Form” may be sent to the doctor by the school nurse. This form will be returned to the physical education teacher indicating the type of activity this student should have, if any.
- Students without an excuse who do not feel well and feel they cannot participate must report to the teacher, or they will be marked illegally absent or not prepared for class. The teacher can excuse students for one week from activities, but students must still be in proper uniform.
- If a student has been severely injured; broken bones, severe sprain, etc., the Physical Activity Form” will not be used.
- We must make sure that the student has been released by the doctor before allowing him/her to participate. We cannot take the student’s word. Only a signed statement from the doctor or school nurse will be honored.
- While students are excused from physical education classes, they cannot participate in interscholastic sports or intramural programs.
- Five grade points will be deducted for each physical education class missed. Medicals are an exception, which must be verified by a physician and filed in the nurse’s office.
Attendance for the Concert Band, Wind Ensemble and Concert Choir is the same as attending any class during the school day. Policies relating to tardiness, class cutting, and attendance are the same as those that apply to all other classes.
For those students signed up for Concert Band, instrumental lessons are a requirement. This requirement may be waived in lieu of private lessons outside of school by an approved instructor. School lessons are scheduled on a once a week basis and rotate daily throughout the class day. A student must attend all lessons scheduled while he/she is in legal attendance. Lessons missed while in legal attendance must be made up within 7 school days. Make-up lessons must be scheduled by appointment with the band director. Students should report to their scheduled class first for attendance and then attend their lesson.
Jazz Ensemble – Jazz Band – Marching Band
Jazz Ensemble, Jazz Band and Marching Band meet outside the school day. Upon becoming a member of any of these organizations, the student is held responsible for attending all rehearsals and performances. A student who has an irresolvable conflict may ask to be excused from a rehearsal oran event as soon as the student knows about the conflict (preferably 2 weeks in advance). Last minute emergency situations will be considered on an individual basis. Working schedules will be taken into consideration for both practices and performances.
Laboratory Requirements and Grading
- Any student enrolled in Regents Earth Science, Regents Living Environment, Regents Chemistry or Regents Physics, must meet the NYS Board of Regents Laboratory Requirement which is: Each student must successfully complete a minimum of thirty (30) laboratory exercises in order to qualify to take a Regents Examination in this course.
- Two copies of each laboratory exercise will be made. One copy will be turned in for grading and records, the other will be kept by the student for study.
- Laboratory exercises will be graded by an S or a U by the laboratory teacher. An S signifies a paper is satisfactory; U will signify that the paper is unsatisfactory. A paper graded U should be redone and resubmitted within the time limitation mentioned below.
- The student will have ten (10) consecutive school days from the ASSIGNED DATE to submit a satisfactory laboratory exercise. (The ASSIGNED DATE being the day the student’s scheduled laboratory group was presented the laboratory exercise.) This applies to all members of the scheduled laboratory group present or not. Students who have mitigating circumstances must request an extension in writing from the Science Department Chairperson.
- You will be allowed only one incomplete or unsatisfactory laboratory exercise each quarter. Two points will be deducted from the student’s classroom quarter average for each additional incomplete or unsatisfactory laboratory exercise.
- With the letter-day system currently being used, there will not be a reason for any laboratory exercise to be missed. If there is a school activity (example: auditorium program) during your laboratory period, you are responsible for completing that laboratory exercise. It is strongly suggested that students come in during study hall or on Tuesday or Thursday after school to make up the work.
- Periodically during the quarter, tests will be given in class covering the laboratory materials. The material covered will have been assigned at least two weeks previously in lab.
National Honor Society
Membership in the National Honor Society is both an honor and a responsibility. Students selected for membership are expected to continue to demonstrate the qualities of scholarship, service, leadership and character. Only active members have a voice and vote in chapter affairs. Active members become graduate members at graduation. Membership is granted only to those students selected by a faculty council. According to the constitution, only those students who have been in the school the equivalent of one semester, may be considered for membership. Membership is open to qualified juniors and seniors. Students must have a cumulative scholastic average of 88 percent, or higher to meet the scholarship requirement for membership in the National Honor Society. These students are then considered for eligibility based on their leadership, service, and character.
Assemblies are for students’ education and enjoyment. Students should remain quiet out of consideration for other students in the audience and for the people performing. Students will stay with their class once inside the auditorium. Cell phones and/or electronic devices of any kind must be turned off.
The School Board established rules and regulations governing behavior for the personal safety of all riders. The bus driver is in charge of all his/her passengers and will maintain discipline on the bus at all times. The bus
driver will be accorded the same respect and courtesy shown any teacher. All student riders are to obey all directions from the bus driver. Bus drivers will not allow disorderly conduct or disruptions of any kind, which may endanger the safety of passengers. Bus drivers are allowed to assign students to certain seats on the bus.
All bus-riding pupils must observe the following safety precautions:
- Approach awaiting bus without pushing, rushing, crowding, or fighting for seats.
- Board the bus in an orderly manner and immediately take a seat.
- Remain seated at all times when bus is moving.
- Keep the aisle free from the clutter of books, packages, clothing and other objects.
- Keep arms, hands, and other parts of the body inside the bus at all times.
- Never throw objects of any kind from the bus while it is standing or moving.
- Exemplary behavior will be the bus riders’ rule. Loudness, whistling out of the windows, stomping, fighting or any distracting behavior will not be tolerated.
- When leaving the bus, step 5 to 10 feet in front of the stopped bus so as to be seen by the driver at all times; look to be sure that no traffic is moving from
either direction and; cross only after the bus driver signals you to cross.
Students who fail to observe safety measures or who show disrespect to bus drivers will be reported to the office. The parent will be notified and may be asked to come to school for a conference. Further disciplinary action may also be taken.
Extreme misconduct, which clearly and grossly jeopardizes the safety of passengers and driver, permits the Assistant Principal to take appropriate action to protect the safety of students. In such cases, the Assistant Principal may, on the first serious offense, deny the student transportation up to 5 days. Further disciplinary action is subject to a Superintendent’s Hearing.
Students assigned to lunch detention, MUST report to the Lunch Detention Monitor in the cafeteria at the beginning of his/her lunch period. Attendance is mandatory regardless of whether the student plans to eat lunch or not. Students assigned to lunch detention are expected to maintain proper behavior and cooperate with the In-School Suspension proctor.
Failure to comply with any of the above regulations may result in further disciplinary action.
Behavior at School Sponsored Events
Any student who appears to be under the influence of drugs and/or alcohol or who is disruptive during school-sponsored events, either at home or an away site, will be disciplined as follows:
- The parent/guardian will be contacted and asked to remove the child from the activity.
- If the student is in violation of the drug/alcohol policy the student will be suspended for 5 days and is subject to a superintendent’s hearing.
- Students may be suspended from attending any school activities for a period of time or the remainder of the year.
Schalmont High School interprets hazing as any act whether physical, mental, emotional, or psychological, which subjects another person, voluntarily or involuntarily, to anything that may abuse, mistreat, degrade, humiliate, harass or intimidate the person, or which may in any fashion compromise the inherent dignity of the person. In addition, any requirements by a member which compels another member to participate in any activity which is against school policy or state/federal law will be defined as hazing.
All reports of hazing will be thoroughly investigated.
Appropriate disciplinary action will be taken on a case-by-case basis.
Displays of Affection
Kissing, hugging, walking with arms about one another, and other such forms of behavior are not appropriate in school. They are in poor taste here, as in any public place. Incidents will be dealt with according to the code of discipline.
School dances will be conducted from 7:00 p.m. to 10:00 p.m. Most dances are open ONLY to Schalmont High School students. Middle School students are not permitted to attend High School dances, proms or balls. Students will conduct themselves in a socially acceptable manner. Students who give the impression that they are under the influence of alcohol or any other illegal substance, or who are not properly dressed will be denied entrance to, or will be removed from the dance. All discipline procedures will be enforced at school dances.
Students who are absent from school or late without an approved excuse, may not attend dances on the day they are absent or late to school. A student illegally absent on Friday may not attend a dance on Saturday. Students may be excluded from school dances as a result of disciplinary action or excessive absences or tardies.
Students will not be admitted to a school dance after 8:00 p.m. unless prior permission from the administration has been given. Students may not leave until 9:30 p.m. unless the administration gets verbal confirmation from parents/guardians.
Student Attendance and Participation in Co-curricular and Athletic Activities
The following guidelines will apply to students participating in interscholastic and co-curricular activities with respect to their eligibility and their attendance.
- A student who has been suspended from school will be ineligible for participation in all school activities including practice sessions during the term of his her suspension. This includes In-School Suspension.
- A student must be in attendance in all classes the day of a co-curricular event in order to participate or be a spectator. Exceptions to this are to be cleared in
advance through the principal. Students will not be able to practice if they are absent from school that day. In order to participate that day, students must be
present, on time, (7:40).
- Should the event or practice session occur on a non-school day, the full-day attendance rule will apply to the preceding school day, i.e., if a student is absent on Friday, he/she cannot participate on Saturday unless it is a legal absence approved by the principal.
- It will be the coach-advisor’s responsibility to check on items 1, 2 and 3 above and to take the appropriate action.
- When an attendance problem arises resulting in disciplinary action, which is not a suspension from school, the Administrators will deal with the matter in
the manner, which they deem to be appropriate.
- (A) All students involved in interscholastic and co-curricular activities are expected to be doing satisfactory work in all subjects. Course grades will
be reviewed every five (5) weeks.
- (B) If a student is failing two (2) subjects in any five (5) week marking period, he/she has two (2) weeks to bring at least one of the grades up to passing. If this does not occur, the student will be suspended from the activity until the required improvement is made.
- (C) If a student is failing more than two (2) subjects, he/she will be declared ineligible to participate in the activity for at least two weeks. At that time if he/she is failing one subject he/she will be eligible to participate.
- An athlete suspended externally or internally from school for a violation of school rules may not participate in any activity while under suspension.
- Any student absent from school legally (illness) or illegally (truant) may not participate or be a spectator in any activity that day.
- A student illegally absent (truant) Friday may not participate in any weekend activity or be a spectator. A student legally absent on Friday may participate in
the weekend activity with a signed note from parents.
- An athlete must be in school before 7:40 A.M. to be eligible to participate or be a spectator in any athletic event on that day, unless excused by school personnel.
- Every athlete must be a good community and school citizen. Athletes who violate civil and/or criminal law, violate rules on buses transporting teams, or violate rules of good conduct at Schalmont or the host school will lose eligibility for the remainder of the sport season.
- All athletes must ride to and from the game with the team. Only in unusual circumstances will this procedure be altered. This should be done with a written note or verbally from the parents to the coach and/or the Athletic Director.
- Once a coach announces the final cut has been made, an athlete will be expected to continue on the team for the rest of the season. If an athlete “quits” without permission from the coach, the athlete loses eligibility for the remainder of that season. An athlete can withdraw and change sports in a season following proper withdrawal procedures. This decision will be made by the coaches involved and the Director of Athletics.
- Any student in possession of unauthorized school uniforms or equipment will be suspended from athletics for one calendar year.
The following rules for eligibility shall govern participants in the Interscholastic Athletic and Cheerleading Program:
- Each coach shall ascertain that each player meets the eligibility rules as adopted by the N.Y.S.P.H.S.A.A.
- Each coach shall see that the team meets the eligibility requirements and game standards as enumerated by the N.Y.S.P.H.S.A.A.
Athletics – Tobacco, Alcohol and Drugs
It is known that certain substances (tobacco, alcohol, drugs, i.e., including performance enhancing drugs) have a significant impact on many aspects of one’s total health, and subsequently, on one’s athletic abilities. Therefore, it is the philosophy of the Schalmont Central School District to absolutely forbid the use or possession of these substances by athletic program participants.
A student shall not:
- be in possession of or use a beverage containing alcohol;
- be in possession of or use tobacco and/or tobacco substitutes, including
- be in possession of or use steroids;
- be in possession of or use a controlled substance (as defined by law and/or in the student handbook);
- be in possession of our use marijuana. Students are not to be in a setting where drugs, alcohol or use of tobacco are taking place and may be subject to
disciplinary action by the administration and/or coach.
Penalties and Recommendations:
**All penalties will be served immediately upon the discovery of a violation. Should the violation occur at the end of a season, the penalty will be enacted at the start of the next season in which the student is participating.
The athlete will be suspended from participating in all athletic contests for two (2) weeks (14 days). The athlete must practice with the team during his loss of eligibility. The student will be suspended from participation in co-curricular activities for two (2) weeks (14 days).
If a violation occurs on or off school grounds and the student is suspended from school, team suspension (14 days) will not start until the athlete officially returns to school.
If a violation occurs during a holiday period or non-school day, the team suspension will go into effect immediately.
If the student, of his own volition, becomes a participant in a chemical dependency program, treatment program, and/or an education instruction program, whichever is deemed necessary, this will be at his/her own expense.
The athlete will be suspended from participating in all athletics for the remainder of the season or four (4) weeks (28 days) whichever is longer. The student will be suspended from participation in co-curricular activities for four (4) weeks.
The athlete will be suspended from participation in all athletics for the remainder of the school year.
Reporting of Violations
Violations of the Athletic Training Code may be reported to the High School Principal, Assistant Principal or Athletic Director and will be deemed to be authentic when reported by any or all of the following:
- Any Schalmont School District employee (i.e., school administrators, teachers, coaches, custodial staff, school bus drivers)
- Local or State Police
- A student’s own parent
- Reports by other parents will be investigated, but will not be considered to be authentic unless confirmed by at least one source listed above.